Bangladesh By: Joan Marc Blas Ribera
Bangladesh, located in the delta of the river Ganges, is the seventh most populated country in the world with 167 millions of inhabitants, and it is the 13th producer of chicken meat with 171.000 tons expected per 2010.
The poultry industry is one of the fastest growing and most promising industries in Bangladesh. Since 1995, a significant annual average rate in the commercial poultry is achieved, and the growth rate in backward poultry farming is not high but country's commercial poultry sector gained 15-20% annual average growth rate during this period. Its steady growth nutritional status which also contributes to improve the country's economic growth. But still there is a gap between supply and demand of poultry meat and eggs. For example, annual per head consumption of eggs in the country is 32 against the minimum requirement of 104 eggs.
Feed milling industries
Year round availability of feed ingredients and instability in price are concerns for major feed milling industries. Since the feed cost represents about 65-70% of the total cost of poultry production proper attention should be given in the utilization of low cost, good quality feed ingredients in order to reduce the feed cost. In recent years, the corn production in Bangladesh has increased tremendously, the inclusion rate of which is approximately 50-60% in poultry diets.
Supply of adequate amount balanced diet to poultry as well as other farm animals is the primary consideration for obtaining maximum productivity from animals. Feed mill plays an important role in the supply of commercial feed to poultry, livestock and fish farming. Feed mills generally distribute their products as “ complete feed” to poultry, fish and livestock industry.
The top 25 milling factories have an annual production of 2 million tones, while the smaller ones produce 1 million tones.
Poultry rural groups
Breeding broilers on a small scale has been the method of subsistence of villagers for many years. Since 1993, there are programs created by the NGO Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee (BRAC) supported by the government and other NGO's which help small poultry farmers (30-40 people) to have access to high performance poultry lineage, technical training and necessary services to work in the poultry sector, and also they get microcredits. Moreover, some people are taught to apply vaccines and to keep the hygiene of the different tools. These people are self-employed, they buy the vaccines through microcredit (thanks to NGO BRAC bank) and then, they recover the services by cash or by collect in kind. The people who prepare the feed and the eggs harvesters also are taught to do their work efficiently.
The lineage of the laying hens that is used has been improved: they lay approximately 200 eggs per year.
The results of this program show that 99,9% of the little poultry farmers who took part in this program improved their standard of living, achieving an increase of income through the market of eggs and poultry meat.
More than 2 millions people have taken profit of this agriculture programs.
Poultry industry data
The 38% of the top 25 milling factories production is for self-consumption, the excess of production is commercialized. The poultry industry forecast on the needs of feed for the year 2014 is approximately 6 million tons.
A possible consequence of this situation is the increase of the price of corn and the research of new cereals to add on feed. Adding enzymes will allow a better digestion of cereals in the near future.