Extremophile organisms: Hadesarchaea. Dissemination 101st
In The VD disclosure we have been interested in two occasions (see 40 and 95), for extremophile organisms. They are mostly microscopic living beings, living in extreme temperature conditions, without light, oxygen and water. Although it is unknown so far, the origin of such living beings, scientific deduction leads to the conclusion that they are living beings from other places where they survived or have adapted to these extreme conditions.
Anyway, interest in these extremophiles lies not in its adaptation, but that they have been able to reach the planet from elsewhere in our solar system, or even beyond, surviving under vacuum, radiation, absence of oxygen and extreme temperatures.
The new addition of this series of extremophiles disclosure is based on the study of gender Hadesarchaea. Its name indicates that it is an Archea (unicellular organism prokaryote with a circular DNA) which has been isolated in deep areas of the Earth's crust (Hades is a mythological character who lives in the underworld) of Mponeng in South Africa, White Oak River in the North Carolina and Yellowstone. It has ability to live in the absence of oxygen, light and high temperature (70C) and appears to have ability to obtain energy, forming carbon dioxide by uniting carbon monoxide and water.
With this information the updated list of extremophiles is as follows:
1.1 Hadesarchaea isolated in South Africa and the United States.
2.1 Streptococcus mittis . This bacterium survived for three years on a trip to the Surveyor 3 to the Moon
2.2 Bacillus subtilis tested in the laboratory under conditions similar to outer space
2.3 Synechococcus Cyanobacteria is a laboratory tested under conditions similar to outer space
2.4 Haloarcula is halobacteriacea is a laboratory tested under conditions similar to outer space
(Red river and yellowstone)
3.1 Aspergillus versicolor used in the experiment Biorisk of the International Space Station (ISS)
3.2 Penicillium expansum used in the experiment Biorisk of the International Space Station (ISS)
3.3 Cryomyces antarcticus used in the experiment LIFE of the International Space Station
3.4 Cryomyces minter in the experiment LIFE of the International Space Station
4.1 Chlamydomonas reinhardtii is a green alga tested in the laboratory under conditions similar to outer space
5.1 Rhizocarpon geographicum tested in the mission Fotón-M2 of European Space Agency
5.2 Xanthoria elegans tested in the mission Fotón-M2 of European Space Agency
6. Invertebrados protostomos
6.1 Richtersius coronifer is an object of the project TARDIS (spacecraft FOTON-M3 of Russia and ESA)
6.2 Milnesium tardigradum is an object of the project TARDIS (spacecraft FOTON-M3 of Russia and ESA).