Editorial 4. Veterinary Teaching
Veterinary sciences are complex due to the multiplicity of its contents, which integrate them, and the multiplicity of its exercise. Its versatility offers a wide range of subjects during their education to the student and several performance options to veterinary professionals. Veterinaries are specialists in different fields such as poultry pathology, artificial insemination in cattle or nutrition of pets.
The decision of studying veterinary is vocational in most students. Some of them are interested in animal welfare, others in feed production for human beings and so on.
Consequently it is necessary that lecturers are at the same time teachers (in Spanish enseñantes) and masters (in Spanish maestros). The word enseñar (to teach) comes from insignare which means giving signs or showing something that it has been seen or it is appreciated. On the other hand, the word maestro (master) comes from magister and it is applied to a relevant person among their class. This double function of teacher and master requires that lecturers give lessons to their students and make that their students appreciate the subjects and at the same time that lecturers are relevant people among their class.
Bureaucratic models can influence on the way of acceding to teaching. This situation affects particularly to professions such as veterinarian where there is a high rate of vocational students. Political models can also influence on the design of the university map by spreading faculties of veterinary due to territorial reasons, creating generalist faculties and stimulating the establishment of University colleges located in areas of certain productions.
In Veterinary Digital we propose that the veterinary formation is carried out in two stages: one generalist and one specialised, by animal species and productions, and that lessons are being given by highly qualified lecturers. For this reason, the necessary bureaucratic and political models must adapt to the vocationalism of students, versatility of veterinary science and incorporation of real lecturers of every specialty to the Faculty. These three conditions can be accomplished in both the public university and the private one, and even in a mixed model: public in the first stage and private in the second one promoted for the industries which will give to graduate students of “University Colleges” the opportunity to exercise as professionals.