Editorial 50: Angra Mainyu and Spenta Mainyu
The primeval Zoroastrians symbolized good and bad with figures of Spenta Mainyu and Angra Mainyu respectively, while the primeval Egyptians personalized order, good, Horus (the falcon) and chaos, evil, in Set (the dog ). Spenta and Angra were twins born of the human brain while for the Egyptian Horus and Set were different characters from humans. This short introduction brings us to the debate on the origin of good and evil since the dawn of human civilization.
So for Zoroastrians, both good and evil originates in man, whereas the Egyptians, good and evil come from nature while social organization could turn evil into good.
In more coming centuries was introduced into the discussion the concept of the “noble savage” which presupposed that goodness was innate in humans and that evil was a consequence of living in society. In recent decades there has been progress in the study of anatomy, biochemistry, genetics, and brain and its relationship with human behavior. These studies confirm the earliest observations.
The good and evil from the human brain as claimed to Zoroastrians therefore have a genetic origin, but the cultural influence of society can change the genetic trend so that we can properly consider the assertion that evil is genetic and good is cultural and genetic. It is rare that turn good to evil, as a reaction to society, because to do evil must be the motive, the opportunity and the character, ie genetics.
This is an issue on which we should meditate every citizen in relation to the common good used by some leaders as a disguise to commit evil crimes.