The formation of natural ribosomes and synthetic ribosomes. Science blog 124
Ribosomes are cellular organelles responsible for producing the proteins that allow the cell to carry out its physiological functions.
Ribosomes are cell organelles responsible for producing the proteins that allow the cell to carry out its physiological functions. The mechanism is that from the chromosomal DNA a copy of part of it is made in the form of a messenger RNA molecule that is sent to organelles called ribosomes. These organelles, formed by two parts, read the instructions contained in the messenger RNA and form a complex protein molecule that, once released into the cell cytoplasm, begins to act, giving functionality to the cell. Therefore, ribosomes are essential organelles that act as a bridge between the genetic code and the protein that performs the specific cellular function.
The question is, how are ribosomes formed?
In VD Science blog (123) we presented the state of development of the hypothesis from our studies, of the formation of natural ribosomes from naturally occurring circular DNA.
In VD Science blog (124) we reported on studies for the formation of artificial ribosomes using synthetic biology technologies. In joint research by the University of Illinois and the University of Chicago (Northwestern), they have succeeded in constructing synthetic ribosomes that have been named RIBO-T by joining subunits from E. coli and that have demonstrated functionality after being installed in other E. coli. This research was based on the principles established by Jacques Monod and FranĂ§ois Jacob in 1961.