Editorial 24. The Future of Agricultural Lands
Farming and ranching is declining gradually and the population traditionally dedicated to it is leaving the field to seek opportunities in cities. This is a worldwide phenomenon as it occurs in both developed and developing countries. However the causes are different. In developed countries and the interventionist legislation and exorbitant taxes (in some countries up to 50% of the value of agricultural farms) prevent, to the next generation, develop activity due to bureaucratic and financial burden on the new company and in developing countries, insecurity to price developments of the raw material, which the producer is paid, prevent any investment and prevent the development of the farm.
From this fact three reactions are observed. One, that of those who see agricultural land as a financial opportunity to the volatility of other investments, two of whom understand that investing in the basic sector is an opportunity to the growing demand for food in human population three, the countries who see this as an opportunity to position its agricultural population moving them to other areas of the planet.
From this that farmland will be the basis of three phenomena in the future in the medium and long term: One explosion of a new economic bubble because the non-productive investment tends to overestimate prices and where the financial circuit runs bubble it disintegrates., two, the emergence of new agriculture and technologically advanced and productive farms that will support the future growth of the world population from 7000 to 10,000 million people and three, the crystallization of large migrations of Asian farmers to Africa and Latin .
In this situation Europe should think about this, since their participation in the three phenomena future is insignificant and this may make it dependent on food production.