The use of prebiotics and probiotics in animals.
First describe the difference between prebiotics and probiotics, and then to combine the benefit.
Prebiotics are non-digestible ingredients of the diet of animals, which have beneficial effects by selectively stimulating the growth and / or activity of one or more types of bacteria in the colon, which in turn have the property of raising the potential health host.
The substances used are oligosaccharides that reach back tract undigested and there are fermented by intestinal bacteria. With a selection of oligosaccharides, can promote the growth of beneficial bacteria. For example, it has been observed that the fructo-oligosaccharides promote the growth of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus in the ceca of poultry and thus increase their rate of growth.
Probiotics are live microorganisms those that, when added as a dietary supplement, beneficially affect the development of microbial flora in the gut.
Probiotics stimulate the protective functions of the digestive system. They are also known as biotherapeutics, or bioprofilácticos bioprotectors and are used to prevent enteric and gastrointestinal infections.
Most bacteria are used as probiotics in animals belonging to the species Lactobacillus, Enterococcus and Bacillus, yeast used although (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) and fungus (Aspergillus oryzae).
The protective effect of these microorganisms is carried out by two mechanisms: antagonism prevents the multiplication of pathogens and producing toxins that prevent their pathogenic action.
Benefits of the Relationship between prebiotics and probiotics.
It is the responsibility of the intestinal microflora, mainly lactobacilli and bifidobacteria, SCFA production and lactic acid, resulting from the fermentation of indigestible carbohydrates. These products reduce the pH in the colon by creating an environment where pathogenic bacteria cannot potentially grow and develop. Prebiotics are the fundamental substrate probiotic bacteria.
The combination of prebiotics with probiotics is defined as symbiotic, which benefits the host by improving the survival and implantation of live microbial dietary supplements in the gastrointestinal tract of animals.