Feeding of the birds is one of the inputs with the greatest impact on production. Intensive breeding systems, species limitations and the ingredients that make up the diets determine the need for extreme control measures in order to efficiently feed with nutrients and convert them to meat or eggs.
These breeding systems require special attention to animal welfare, health and nutritional factors to minimize the losses generated by farm mortality.
For a long time and till now, one way of maintaining health status on farms has been the use of feed additives, specifically administration of preventive and growth promoting antibiotics that have shown multiple economic benefits for poultry farmers.
The worldwide trend towards the prohibition and withdrawal of antibiotics has gained weight and also reaches our territory. There is evidence that these drugs cause increased antimicrobial resistance in human medicine. Foods of animal origin may contain traces of drugs that are incorporated into the human body and promote the onset of resistance. In addition, the indiscriminate administration of growth promoters promotes the emergence of resistant strains in animals that could be transmitted to humans by direct or indirect contact.
There is a new alternative for the administration of additives that involves compounds of natural origin that have been represented by probiotics, prebiotics, enzymes, organic acids and plant extracts that propose to replace the use of antibiotics.
Through the Ministry of Science and Technology and through the Expansion project of the European joint programming initiative on resistance to antimicrobial drugs (EXEDRA), Argentina is the only Latin American country that integrates this global initiative.
The European Union launched the Joint Programming Initiative on Antimicrobial Resistance (JPIAMR) and proposed a global approach with the coordination and financing of member countries.
Coordinated by the Swedish Council, the Ministry of Science, Technology and Productive Innovation is the only Latin American partner to work with other institutions in France, Romania, Germany, Israel, Spain, the United Kingdom, Poland, the Netherlands, Canada and Argentina. Collaborate within the HORIZON 2020 program, the eighth framework program of the European Union for research and innovation.
Asia and Latin America are on the list of countries where antimicrobial resistance results, since there is indiscriminate use and lack of control by government agencies. It is then intended to generate national plans in all the countries of Latin America and articulate them.
The change has been established in Latin America and it is now possible to find information on studies based benefits of use of natural additives in countries such as Cuba, Peru, Chile, Argentina, and Brazil, among others.