Eastern Europe: The role of Russia in ban on APC. | Veterinaria Digital

Eastern Europe: The role of Russia in ban on APC.

16/03/2015 Nutrition AGP Antibiotic Growth Promoters Europe

I would talk about the importance of food today. We all know that as humans we need to eat and nurture.

In animal world, this does not differ so much. If we talk about the world in terms of production as all of us know we are looking for ways to produce more meat at the lowest cost. But not anything goes. So far there have been methods such as antibiotic growth promoters (APC), which can induce antibiotic resistance in microorganisms and also entails the danger of accidentally contaminated feed during grinding. Therefore the European Union has set hands work to legislate this. For example:

USA: The use of antibiotics as growth promoters (APC) is debated, because several groups advocate a ban. However there is a complete ban. Some antibiotics like chloramphenicol, have been recalled by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) to protect public health.

Canada: The use of antibiotics as growth promoters is not prohibited, in fact 90% of farmers use them. It is unlikely that antibiotics as growth promoters (APC) are banned in a short period of time because the producers did not want to risk due to the prevalence of PRRS (Porcine Reproductive & Respiratory Syndrome) and associated with porcine circovirus diseases and high food prices.

Brazil: Most APCs are allowed and its use is governed by two regulations. Some PCA (Principal component analysis) as penicillins, tetracyclines, chloramphenicol, nitrofurans, arsenic, 3-nitro, systemic sulfonamides, olaquindox and carbadox are prohibited. There is no prospect of a total ban, although Brazil has actively participated in international forums on the subject.

Russia: APC are not prohibited. The only limitation is a withdrawal period of three weeks prior to slaughter. The regulation is being developed jointly with the WTO (World Trade Organization), but still is in a very early stage.

Philippines: The law does not prohibit the overuse of antibiotics as APCs.

Thailand: A group of APCs including chloramphenicol, furazolidone, nitrofuran, metronidazole and dimetridazole and glycopeptides and beta-agonists are prohibited. However, some integrators do not use APC.

China: Antibiotics are considered absolutely necessary for breeding pigs. A special emphasis on animal production and the rapid growth of the domestic market goes down.

Vietnam: A group of APCs, including cloramfenico, furazolidone, nitrofuran, metronidazole and dimetridazole are forbidden.

As we see it is gaining awareness of this, but still no universally accepted criteria. Every day more alternatives arise to them. Russia as a giant of the Eastern works increasingly with the World Trade Organization to equate to European countries, although their various internal conflicts do not make them a long international legislative. Although in the last years the country is becoming aware to integrate European policies. 

I'm sure that in a few years will gradually towards a single law, which will protect the final consumer and where Europe already has the sign to be the promoter of the movement, if Russia follows, how long others will join? Still a long way to do but I think we are on the right track.


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