Domestic animal husbandry and adverse environmental conditions have led producers to develop facilities that provide the right living conditions and more efficient development, allowing animals to be highly productive and efficient. Today they are considered as part of animal welfare and human ethics to produce food.
In order to ensure the correct management of livestock production and to achieve progress in the productive parameters it is important to construct infrastructure that meets the conditions of adequate spaces to facilitate their growth, development and efficiency. Usually facilities are one of the major investments in animal husbandry and to achieve the desired goal it is necessary to take into consideration that as it serves as a shelter it also represents a place of high pollution, since animals eat rest and do their needs in the same place. Therefore, feces represent a high risk material for microbial contamination and intermediate forms of parasites.
However, in order to ensure that the facilities perform their function it is necessary to establish as a general cleaning, disinfection and disinsertion to reducing the risks of future microbial infections and parasitic infestations.
Not only sufficient to create an area suitable for production; If not to facilitate cleaning, disinfection and control of the rodent insects of the facilities on a regular basis by each company or according to its biosafety system. We must remember that the animals defecate and eliminate a large amount of enterobacteria, viruses, in the litter that without an adequate permanent cleaning and disinfection grow exponentially and survive for a certain time in the environment acting as a source of contagion. The same happens with the direct or indirect intake of intermediate hosts of parasites such as tapeworms or eimeria that require beetles, ants, snails, etc. A good disinsection is needed, because otherwise it has a negative effect on parameters such as food conversion rates, increase in confiscation loss and weight gain, and their impact on the profit margins of companies.
If companies follow reasonable biosecurity measures the benefits of good cleaning, disinfection and disinsecting can last for approximately one year. If there are any problems with infectious or parasitic diseases these hygiene tasks could be done more frequently, so that health problems can be controlled. Both biosecurity measures and a good program of cleaning, disinfection and disinsecting are paid by their own.
Remember that in any system of livestock production is better to carry a good prevention program. There are several types of disinfectants, insecticides used in the livestock industry, but their use should be directed to the microbial and parasitic agents, taking into account to avoid microbial resistance and its less damaging effect to the environment.
Among the disinfectants used in livestock farms we find groups of: quaternary ammonium derivatives, phenols, halogen releasing compounds, halogenated phenols, aldehydes, acids and alkalis, oxidizing agents.
After a disinfectant has been used it is convenient to carry out a microbiological laboratory analysis to verify its efficacy and control of the bacterial or parasitological population.